Japan 日本 knows as Nippon or Nihon  is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south. It is often called the “Land of the Rising Sun”.

 日本 (kanji letter that can be read as Nippon atau Nihon). 日, Ni, is the kanji letter for sun. 本, Hon, is the kanji letter for source/origin/root. When combined it become sunrise.

It has 4 largest area Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in 8 regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one. The population of 127 million is the world’s tenth largest, of which 98.5% are ethnic Japanese. 90.7% of people live in cities, while 9.3% live in the countryside. About 13.8 million people live in Tokyo,[the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people.

4 Largest Area — Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku

8 Regions — Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu, Kansai, Chugoku, Kyushu and Shikoku

47 Prefectures — as below

Source : Wikipedia

47 Prefectures

Japan Was Divided To The 4 Largest Areas
(Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku)


Honshu is the main island of Japan. The largest and most populous island of Japan, located south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu across the Kanmon Straits. The island separates the Sea of Japan, which lies to its north and west, from the North Pacific Ocean to its south and east. It is the seventh-largest island in the world, and the second-most populous after the Indonesian island of Java. Honshu had a population of 104 million as of 2017, mostly concentrated in the coastal lowlands, notably in the Kantō plain where 25% of the total population resides in the Greater Tokyo Area. 


Hokkaido is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and  northernmost prefecture. The Tsugaru Strait separates Hokkaido from Honshu. The two islands are connected by the undersea railway Seikan Tunnel. The largest city on Hokkaido is its capital, Sapporo, which is also its only ordinance-designated city. About 43 km north of Hokkaido lies Sakhalin Island, Russia. 


Kyushu (九州 Kyūshū,  is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands. The island is mountainous, and Japan’s most active volcano, Mt Aso located here. The island is separated from Honshu by the Kanmon Straits.


Shikoku (四国, literally “four provinces”) is the smallest (225 km or 139.8 mi long and between 50 and 150 km or 31.1 and 93.2 mi wide) and least populous (3.8 million as of 2015) of the four main islands of Japan, located south of Honshu and east of the island of Kyushu. Shikoku comprises 3.1 percent of the entire population of Japan.

8 Regions in Japan
Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu, Kansai, Chugoku, Shikoku and Kyushu,


Hokkaido formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture. The Tsugaru Strait separates Hokkaido from Honshu. The two islands are connected by the undersea railway Seikan Tunnel. The largest city on Hokkaido is its capital, Sapporo, which is also its only ordinance-designated city. About 43 km north of Hokkaido lies Sakhalin Island, Russia.

Largest City : Sapporo 


Tohoku region is Northeast Japan consists of the northeastern portion of Honshu. This traditional region consist of 6 prefectures (ken) : Akita, Aomori, Fukushima, Iwate, Miyagi and Yamagata. Tohoku retains a reputation as a remote, scenic region with a hars climate. In the 20th century, tourism became a major inductry in the Tohoku region.

Largest city : Sendai



Kanto region is Honshu. The region includes the Greater Tokyo Area and encompasses 7 prefectures: Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki, Saitama, Tokyo, Chiba and Kanagawa. Within its boundaries, slightly more than 45 percent of the land area if the Kanto Plain. The rest consists of the hills and mountains that form the land borders. The population was 42,607,376 amounting to approximately one third of the total population of Japan.

Largest City: Tokyo


Chubu Central region, or Central Japan is a region in the middle of Honshu, Japan’s main island. It encompasses 9 prefectures (ken): Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Nagano, Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama and Yamanashi. It is located directly between the Kanto region and the Kansai region includes the major city of Nagoya as well as along the Pacific Ocean and Sea of Japan coastlines, extensive mountain resorts, and Mount Fuji. the region is the widest part of Honshu and the central part is characterized by high, rugged mountains. The Japanese Alps divide the country into the Pacific side, sunny in the winter and the Sea of Japan side, snowy in winter.

Largest city : Nagoya


Kansai region lies in the southern-central region of Japan’s main island Honshu. The region includes the prefectures of Mie, nara, Wakayama, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo and Shiga sometimes Fukui,Tokushima and Tottori. While the use of the terms Kansai and Kinki have changed over history, in most modern contexts the use of the two terms interchangeable. The urbon region of Osaka, Kobe and Kyoto (Keihanshin region) is the second-most populated in Japan after the Greater Tokyo Area.

Largest City : Osaka


Chugoku regions is the western most region of Honshu. It consists of the prefectures of Hiroshima, Okayama, Shimane, Tottori and Yamaguchi. Primarily in the tourism industry, in order to avoid confusing the Chugokuregion with China, the Chugoku region is also called

 “San’in‐San’yō region”. San’in (“yīn of the mountains”) is the northern part facing the Sea of Japan. San’yō (“yáng of the mountains”) is the southern part facing the Seto Inland Sea. These names were created using the yīnyáng‐based place‐naming scheme.

Largest city: Hiroshima

Season in Japan

Japan has 4 seasons and these four seasons provide a different experiences because it creates a different atmosphere and outlook:

i. Winter – December to Feb
ii. Spring – March to May

iii. Summer Season – June to August

iv. Autumn Season – September to November

In addition to the 4 seasons above, there are also rainy season and hurricane season occurring in summer.

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